Cataracts

Candria E. Krywko, OD -  - Optometry

Eyes on Hayden

Candria E. Krywko, OD

Optometry located in Scottsdale, AZ

Cataracts are a common cause of impaired vision in people age 50 and older, causing blurry, cloudy vision. At Eyes on Hayden in Scottsdale, Arizona, the eye care team detects cataracts and provides treatment for early-stage cataracts, including visual aids. As needed, the team of optometrists can also make referrals for cataract removal surgery. For more information, schedule an eye exam online or by phone today.

Cataracts Q & A

How do cataracts affect vision?

Like a camera, your eyes have lenses that help focus light. When you have a cataract, the lenses become foggy, blurry, or cloudy. It’s as if your eyes have gone out of focus, and your vision is less sharp overall.

When you have a cataract that’s large enough to affect your vision, many everyday tasks and activities become more difficult. You may need more light to read, find it harder to see the facial expressions of others, or have trouble driving at night because of the glare from oncoming headlights. Other signs of a cataract include:

  • Needing to change your eyeglass prescription frequently
  • Seeing “halos” around lights
  • Increased sensitivity to light or glare
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Colors appearing dull or less vivid

Cataracts are common among people age 60 and older. They usually affect both eyes but don’t develop at the exact same time, so you may have worse vision in one eye than the other.

What causes cataracts to form?

Cataracts are made up of protein. Proteins are an important part of your eyes’ structure and function, allowing you to see. Cataracts form when these proteins break down and clump together, stopping light from reaching your eyes.

When you have cloudy vision from a cataract, it’s because you’re looking straight at the proteins. You may not notice a cataract in its early stages because it covers only a small part of your eye, and you can adjust. However, cataracts get worse over time because the proteins continue to build up, causing problems with your vision.

Cataracts are usually age-related, but they can also form from injury. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes cataracts, but you’re more likely to develop them if you:

  • Are obese
  • Smoke
  • Spend a lot of time in the sun
  • Have diabetes or high blood pressure (hypertension)

Be sure to schedule an eye exam at Eyes on Hayden if you’re concerned about changes to your vision.

How are cataracts treated?

The only way to get rid of a cataract is surgery, but you might not need surgery right away.

If your cataract is only causing minor vision problems, you may be able to manage with a stronger prescription for your glasses. The optical shop at Eyes on Hayden offers anti-glare lenses, which can help you see better, including when you drive at night. Your doctor may also recommend brighter lighting for your home, or visual aids such as magnifiers to help you read.

For cataracts large enough to require surgery, Eyes on Hayden provides referrals to ophthalmologists and pre- and post-surgery care. Cataract surgery is a very common, quick, and effective procedure that restores your vision. It involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with a clear artificial lens.

If you’re concerned about changes in your vision, or you’d like to schedule an eye exam, call Eyes on Hayden or book an appointment online today.